Earthworks are engineering works involving moving or processing of part of the earth’s surface consisting of soil or unformed rocks. The earth may be moved to another location  and formed into desired shape for a purpose such as road, railways dam etc.

Earthwork operations carried out by any means for development purposes include the follows:

  • The removal of vegetation

  • The disturbance of land surfaces by moving, removing, placing or replacing soil

  • Excavation or cutting and filling operations

  • Compaction of earth covering grading, watering, rolling & compaction in layers

  • Contouring